Basic Snow Forecasting Guide


If you’re looking how to forecast snow, then you’ve come to the right place. In the following guide I’m going to be showing you which parameters need to be met in order to see snowfall down to lower levels across the United Kingdom. For the purpose of this guide I am going to be using the Wetterzentrale GFS charts which can be found by clicking on the link below. When you click on the link, it will open up a new window within your internet browser.

http://www.wetterzentrale.de/topkarten/fsavneur.html

500hPa Air Temperatures

Firstly, we’re going to have a look at the 500hPa air temperatures to find out whether they’re suitable for snowfall. These can be found by clicking on the “500hPa Bodendruck” in the link above. Generally for snowfall, we want these temperatures to be around -27c or below. You can see this being shown in the chart below. I’ve drawn circles around the temperature readings.

 

Click the image to enlarge

 

850hPa Temperature Readings

Once we’ve looked at the 500hPa temperatures and we’ve seen temperatures are cold enough to support snowfall. We then move on to take a look at the more important 850hPa temperatures. You can do this by going onto the Wetterzentral website and clicking the “850hPa Temperatur” tab. To support snowfall to sea level, we typically want to see these temperatures of -7c or lower for snowfall. However snow can fall when 850hPa temperatures are at -5c or below during heavier showers if all other parameters are perfect. You can see this by clicking on the image below.

 

Click to enlarge

 

Dew Points

We now move on to look at the Dew Point temperatures. These MUST be at 0c or below. If the Dew Points are above freezing then the snow is likely to be more sleety in nature. We can view the Dew Points by clicking on the “2m Taupunkt” tab on the wetterzentrale website. Here is what that chart looks like. I’ve circled the temperature reads you will need to pay attention to. I’ve left the bottom temperature reading un-circled so you can see the boundary line between the freezing dew points and the above freezing dew points.

 

Click to enlarge

 

Dam Air Thickness

Last but not least, we must then take a look to see whether Dam Air Thickness is suitable to support snowfall. Typically we want to see the 528 (Light blue line) Dam Line across the United Kingdom. You can see this by clicking on the “Mittl.Wolken” tab within the Wetterzentrale site. I’ve circled the line on the graph below in yellow.

 

Click to enlarge

 

Precipitation

If ALL of these parameters are in place, then we can begin to start looking at the precipitation charts to see whether any Precipitation coincides with these cold conditions. We can do this by clicking on the Niederschlag” tab within the Wetterzentrale website. The blue represents Precipitation, if all the boundaries above are in place, then it’s very likely going to fall as snow. The darker the blue/purple the heavier it’ll be.

 

Click to Enlarge

 

And that concludes my basic snow forecasting guide. If just one of the parameters above is too warm, then snowfall is unlikely. However under certain conditions not impossible. Please use the above as a guide only. This guide is to be used for cold spells within a three day timeframe. Looking at the specifics further out than that will lead to inaccurate forecasting.

4 Comments on “Basic Snow Forecasting Guide”

  1. Jason Mallett Says:

    That’s awesome , thanks so much for going to the time and effort putting this up, finally I know what to look for, great stuff bro

    Reply

  2. Stephen Parker Says:

    Excellent, thanks for the guide. I can spend even more time getting excited for the winter now!

    Reply

  3. grumous Says:

    Good basic guide. A little more info can be found in my own attempt, http://grumous.wordpress.com/2010/12/02/is-it-going-to-snow/ which explains what some of these terms are – but as a rule of thumb guide, this is as good as any.

    Reply

  4. Desmond Says:

    wonderful points altogether, you simply gained a new reader.

    What could you suggest about your publish that you simply
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    Reply

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